Everything You Need to About GIMP

Posted on January 23, 2024 | Updated on January 23, 2024

Are you looking for a new tool that gives you the creative freedom to edit photos and create beautiful artwork? One software that is easily within reach is GIMP (GNU Image Manipulation Program). This platform offers many opportunities for you to dive into various aspects of digital design. 

While you may have heard of GIMP in your time as a graphic designer, you may be curious as to how it works. After all, GIMP has a similar functionality to Adobe Photoshop, and it’s all for free. To understand more about this editing software, you must dig deeper into its features and decide if it’s a good alternative to your current tools.

What Is GIMP?

GIMP is an open-source graphic design software used for tasks like photo editing, digital art creation, website design and printed materials. The software works on various operating systems, including Windows, macOS and Linus. With GIMP, you get many tools for graphic design, such as painting, color correction and photo enhancement.

Since GIMP is open–source, you can customize it to your liking by adding plugins or extensions to get more features. It’s an excellent tool for professionals in graphic design because it’s flexible and can handle various file formats like JPEG, GIF and PNG.

GIMP’s interface is slightly more advanced for beginners. While its interface may seem complex at first glance, the tools and settings are easy to find through organized sections. With this setup, you can boost your productivity while working on projects. 

What Are the Pros and Cons of GIMP?

Many designers love GIMP because of its similarities to Photoshop. However, this tool has drawbacks that make some users stick to other photo-manipulating programs.


  • Free and open-source: The most obvious advantage of GIMP is its cost-effectiveness. Individual graphic designers and businesses can save $2000 in costs from Photoshop with it being free. Plus, open-source means anyone can modify its code, leading to frequent updates and community-driven improvements.
  • Customizable interface: Users can change GIMP’s interface to their workflow. They can rearrange toolboxes and panels and even change themes to make the workspace more comfortable.
  • Professional software: GIMP offers many tools you would find in an expensive professional program like Photoshop.
  • Extensibility: Users can expand GIMP’s functionality. There’s a large collection of add-ons its user community creates. Therefore, it’s constantly adding new capabilities and streamlining existing processes.
  • Active community support: GIMP has a strong community of users and developers. This community provides valuable resources like tutorials, forums and FAQs for when you need extra support.
  • Regular updates: The software has regular updates with new features, bug fixes and performance improvements. This ensures the platform stays current with the latest in graphic design.
  • Accessible learning curve: While GIMP’s usability may be complex for beginners, it has tons of resources available for learning. This includes free tutorials and guides.


  • Less user-friendliness: New users may find GIMP’s interface overwhelming. It has a steep learning curve compared to other graphics software, especially for those new to image editing.
  • Limited CMYK support: GIMP mostly works in the RGB color model and has limited support for CMYK, which is essential for professional printing. This can be a drawback for those needing to prepare images for print media.
  • Fewer features than some software: While GIMP is robust, it may lack some advanced features and tools found in high-end, paid software. This may be a limitation for professional designers who need more specific capabilities.
  • Performance issues: The software can be slower than some paid programs, especially when handling large files or complex tasks. This could be an issue for users working on high-resolution images or who need to process numerous photos quickly.
  • No official technical support: With it being an open-source program, it lacks official tech support, which can be a problem for complex issues.

GIMP’s Top Features and Tools

Knowing the features of any software is essential to learning how effective the program is to you. The following are the top components and tools GIMP has to offer.

1. Selection Tools

GIMP has various selection tools that are crucial for graphic design and photo editing, including rectangular and elliptical selection for basic shapes. It also has a free select tool for custom shapes and a fuzzy select tool for choosing areas with similar colors. The intelligent scissors and foreground select offer advanced options for more precise selection. You can even adjust the settings of your selection tool based on what you require for editing.

2. Paint Tools

The software has many paint tools and is easy to use. This set includes a pencil for hard-edged drawing and a paintbrush for softer strokes. You also get an airbrush for gradient effects and an ink tool for calligraphy-style lines. Additionally, there’s an eraser for corrections and a clone tool to duplicate elements of an image. Lastly, there’s a smudge tool, which is useful for blending colors. 

3. Transform Tools

The transform tools provide numerous options for changing your image’s appearance. For instance, it has the Move tool for shifting a layer, selection or path within an image. The Rotate tool moves layers or selections to a desired angle. Meanwhile, you have the Scale tool to make layers and selections smaller or bigger.

4. Animation

The platform offers a useful feature that allows users to create simple animations. By using layers as frames, GIMP can produce GIF animations where each layer represents a single frame of the animation. Users can control the delay time between frames to adjust the speed of the animation. 

Additionally, the “Filters” menu provides more effects — like blending or morphing — to enhance animations. This feature is useful for creating web graphics, short animations for social media or basic animated elements. 

5. Editable Layer and Channel Panels

When working on different elements of an image, GIMP allows you to add text, adjust backgrounds and apply effects without altering the entire picture. You can edit each layer separately, with options to change opacity, blend modes and more.

The channel panel manages the color channels of an image. Users can edit these channels to fine-tune color balance and contrast or to create complex compositions. 

Is GIMP as Good as Adobe Photoshop?

GIMP is an excellent tool, but whether it is as good as Adobe Photoshop depends on your needs. For many, it makes a great choice for those on a budget. This free software has many tools that are similar to Photoshop. Therefore, it’s good for basic photo editing, creating artwork and graphic design.

However, Photoshop is the standard in professional graphic design. It has more advanced features, better color management, and works smoother with big files. Also, Photoshop has more plugins and a large community that creates tutorials and resources.

In short, GIMP is good for many tasks, but Photoshop has more features you may need in your professional career. The best choice depends on what you need for your budget.

Is GIMP the Right Tool for You?

Deciding whether GIMP is the right choice for your graphic design needs depends on several factors. For instance, the program is well-suited for basic to moderately complex visual design tasks. If your work requires less advanced features, GIMP can be sufficient.

The learning curve is another factor you want to consider. The software is easier to start with than tools like Photoshop. However, it still offers a comprehensive set of tools, which may be more complicated for a beginner. That’s where you may want to use basic software like Canva or Picsart.

Another consideration is your professional requirements. If you’re working in a business where collaboration is key, other software like Adobe Photoshop may be better due to compatibility and workflow integration.

Using GIMP as a Graphic Design Tool

GIMP can be a great program for graphic designers to use, especially when working with a tight budget. It offers a wide selection of features suitable enough for different design tasks. However, assessing your needs before using it as your main design tool is important. Consider experimenting with it and how it fits into your workflow. You could always use it as a second option since the tool is free and is available anytime. 

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